Angels


“Wa Malaaa-ikatehee”

(And I believed in [Allah’s] angels).

Q 1: What are Angels?

A. Angels are the obedient, worshiping and chosen   servants of Allah. They have ”Noori” (ethereal, luminous) existence. They are innocent and commit no sin. They do what they are commanded. They neither eat nor drink but subsist on worship and remembrance of Allah.

Q 2: Why are the angels called ”innocent”?

A. Because Allah has created them free of the instinct of committing sins thus they can not disobey Allah. The Prophets of Allah are also innocent like the   angels.

Q 3: What is the exact number of angels?

A. Of all creatures of Allah, the angels are the most plentiful. Their exact number is known to Allah Almighty or to His Beloved Prophet (whom Allah   has endowed with such knowledge). Their creation is a continuous process. Innumerable angels are created daily. Saints and sages say that the good words and good works of the believers are transformed into angels which take off to the skies, heavens.

Q 4: How many ”prominent angels” are there?

A. Four angels of Allah are very prominent and choicest ones:

A.    (Hazrat) Gibrail who conveyed Allah’s messages to His Apostles Messengers and Prophets.
B.    (Hazrat) Michael who     is detailed   to provide     subsistence     and   rain to His creatures.
C.    (Hazrat) lsrafeil, he will make ”Soor” i.e. blow trumpet on Doomsday.
D.    (Hazrat) Izraeel, his duty is to take soul of human beings. A countless number of angels work under his supervision to this effect.

Q 5: What are the duties of other angels?

A. All angels have their (respective) assigned jobs. Some angels are posted in paradise and some in Hell. Some record good and bad actions of humanbeings. Some angels develop and shape foetus in mothers’ wombs. Some question the dead ones in graves and some torment unbelievers and sinners. Some angels are stationed on the hallowed grave of Allah’s choicest Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him) and some convey or carry ”Salaat-o-salaam” (invocation of Allah’s blessings on the Holy Prophet) of the believers and present to the Holy Prophet. Some angels are detailed to attend Islaamic meetings and gatherings where remembrance of Allah is made or ”Meelaad Shareef” is held i.e. where the greatness and excellence of the Holy Prophet are explained.

Q 6: What is the name of those angels who record good and bad deeds?

A. They are called ”Kiraaman Kaatibeen”. The angels of goodness are separate from those who record evil deeds and the angels for night and day are also separate.

Q 7: Which are those angels who question the dead in grave?

A. Questioning angels are called ”Munkar” and ”Nakeer” They have dreaded appearance.

Q 8: Can human beings see angels?

A. We can not see angels but those ones can see whom Allah wills like His Prophets who also speak to them. However at the time of death the believers may see the angels of goodness and unbelievers see the angels of torment.

Q 9: What is about he who does not believe in angels?

A. He who denies the existence of angels or says that ”will power of doing good deeds” is angel otherwise there exists no angel, is a disbeliever.

Revealed Books


”Wa Kutubihii”

(And I believed in His [Allah’s] books).
Q 1:   What does the revealed book mean?

A. Revealed book means that book which Allah Almighty has sent down for the guidance of mankind so that they may know Allah and His Messengers and carry out their commands.

Q 2: How many books has Allah Almighty sent down?

A. Allah has sent down books and Sahifa [pl: Suhuf] (little books) to many Prophets the exact number of which is only known to Allah and His Beloved Prophet. Of all these heavenly books four are very prominent i.e. Torah which was revealed to Prophet Moses, Zabur (the original Psalms) to Prophet David, Bible (new Testament) to Prophet Jesus and the last one which is the highest and best is the Glorious Qur-aan which Allah Almighty has gifted to His Darling Elect Hazrat Muhammad (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him).

Q 3:   Are the revealed books besides Holy Qur-aan still available with original texts?

A. No other heavenly books than the Qur-aan are available with the original texts because the mischievous elements in the nations of the past Prophets distorted and interpolated the original Torah, Zabur and Bible at their sweet will to gain their nefarious ends.

Q 4: How should we believe in the present Bibles (old and new testament)?

A. We should testify only that text or portion of the bibles which conform to the teachings of the Glorious Qur-aan and disapprove of that which is (are) inimical to the Holy Qur-aan believing that this ”interpolation” is the work of the mischievous elements who claim to be the followers of the said books.

Q 5: What about that if nothing conforming or unconforming to the Holy Qur-aan is found therein?

A. In such situation we shall neither approve nor disapprove but shall say “Aamantu Bil-lwaahi wa Malama-ikatehee wa Kutubehee wa Rusulehee” (I believed in Allah, His angels, His books and His Messengers).

Q 6: Can the Holy Qur-aan be interpolated?

A. No, absolutely not. Since Islaam is ever-living and everlasting religion, Allah Almighty has taken up the responsibility of its protection Himself. It is free from being interpolated even if all its enemies strive jointly to do mischief to it.

Q 7: What about that man who believes that addition or omission can be made in the Qur-aan?

A. He who says that even a single letter has been added to or omitted from or replaced in the Holy Qur-aan, refrains to more in Islaamic fold and is ipso facto, disbeliever.

Q 8: What is Sahifa?

A. Sahifa [pl:suhuf] are little books or leaves which Allah Almighty sent down, before the Holy Qur-aan, for the guidance of humanity at large. These Suhuf contained good tidings, admonitions and guidelines to regulate life.

Q 9: How many Suhuf were sent down and to which Prophets given?

A. The exact number of Suhuf is known to Allah and His Choicest Prophet only but what we know is that some Suhuf were revealed to Prophet Adam, some to his son Prophet Shit, some to Prophet Abraham, some to Prophet Idris and some Suhuf were also revealed to Prophet Moses.

Q 10: Is there any book like that of the Holy Qur-aan?

A. No, absolutely not. The Glorious Qur-aan is an unparalleled book which was endowed to the unparalleled Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him) whose title was ”Ummi” (unlettered). This ”truthful” (the Holy Prophet) challenged the Arab nation that was stubbornly proud of their eloquence magniloquence and rhetorics in poetry and oratory to bring or produce ten chapters and even a single chapter like it but all proud and arrogant ones were stupefied. If they were capable of producing a thing like it they would have definitely done that and not faced abject disgrace of the proclamation that they and their false gods would be consigned to hell.The Holy Qur-aan is the ever-living and ever- challenging miracle of the Last Prophet of Allah.

Q 11: Is there any revealed book with Hindus?

A. No, Hindus have no heavenly book. ”Veid” (Hindu scripture) which they claim to be a revealed book is not ”Kalaam Allah” but a collection of poems of the ancient Hindu poets.

Allah’s Messengers and Prophets


“Wa Rusulehee”

(And believed in His [Allah’s] Prophets).
Q 1: What is “Rasul” (Messenger)?

A. The Messengers (Rasul pl.Rusul) are those servants of Allah whom He chose to transmit His messages to His creatures for their guidance. The Messengers are a link between Allah and His creatures and invite them to the straight path.

Q 2: What is the difference between Nabee and Rasul?

A. Both the words Nabee (Prophet) and Rasul (Messenger) are usually spoken and understood in   the same sense. However “Nabee” is that chosen servant of Allah who received divine revelations to guide humanbeings. Rusul (Messengers) are also among the angels. Some Islaamic sages and scholars maintain that Rasul is that chosen servant of Allah who brought new Shariat (divine law).

Q 3: What is the difference between the Prophets and other humanbeings?

A. There is tremendous difference between Allah’s Prophets and other humanbeings. The Prophets and Messengers are chosen and impeccable servants of Allah. They are taught, brought up and looked after by Allah Himself. They are free of every major and minor sins. They are descendants of the noblest and religious families and are so perfect in physique character, nature, intellect and wisdom that no scientists, scholar, physician, and philosopher of the highest calibre can even think to compete with them. Allah bestowed on them all necessary perfect and scrupulous qualities and created them free from every sort of imperfection and diseases like
leucoderma and leprosy which are repugnant to human nature.

Q 4: Do the Prophets have knowledge of the unseen?

A. The Prophets are sent by Allah Almighty to communicate the news of unseen. They tell people about reckoning paradise, hell, reward of good actions and nemesis of evil deeds, Doomsday, angels and etc. All these things are unseen and other humanbeings can not comprehend them. This   knowledge of the unseen has been granted to the Prophets by Allah Almighty.

Q 5: What is the status of the Prophets in the sight of Allah?

A. The Prophets are the exalted and chosen servants of Allah. They are the greatest and highest of all creatures. Even no angel can attain to their status.
The greatest saint is also no match of that Prophet who possesses the lowest rank in the sight of Allah.

Q 6: What about that who does not respect the Prophets?

A. It is incumbent upon every believer to respect and revere the Prophets. This religious binding on the believers is higher than other obligations. To speak low of any Prophet what to talk of derogatory words, is tantamount to disbelief. Thus he who says anything which directly or indirectly insults any Prophet or subjects him to innuendoes is a disbeliever.

Q 7: can anyone become Prophet by worship and prayer?

A. No, absolutely not. The Prophethood is a highly exalted rank. Nobody can become Prophet by worship and prayer even if he fasts and prays (worships Allah) throughout his life and spends all his wealth in Allah’s way. The Prophethood is an exclusive divine gift which Allah Almighty confers on the servant whom He chooses.

Q 8: What is the total number of the Prophets?

A. It is not fair to fix any particular number for the Prophets. We should maintain this belief that ”we believe in all Prophets off Allah”.

Q 9: Are the angels and genies Prophets?

A. No, the Prophets are only in humanbeings and that too the males only. No angel, genie or female is Prophet.

Q 10: Is someone else also ”Ma’soom” (impeccable) besides the Prophets and angels?

A. No one is impeccable besides the Prophets and angels. To consider anyone impeccable like that of the Prophets is a grave error.

Q 11: Are Allah’s saints (Wali pl.Auliya) also not impeccable?

A. Allah’s saints and “Ahle Bait” (posterity of the Holy Prophet) are also not impeccable, but Allah Almighty protects them against sins. It is also not impossible for them to err.

Q 12: Did any Prophet hide any command of Allah?

A. No, all Prophets sincerely and scrupulously communicated Allah’s commands to mankind. If any one says that any Prophet did not communicate or hid any command of Allah for fear of anybody or expediency, he is a disbeliever.

Q 13: Can we call those Prophets who have passed-away “dead”?

A. All Prophets are as much alive in their graves as they were in the mortal world. They eat, drink and go where they want to. The death has touched them only for a moment. But all the these facts are beyond the comprehension of a common man.

Q 14: Which Prophet came first to the world?

A. Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him) was the first Prophet who was sent into the world. Before him there was no humanbeing, that’s why he is called “the father of mankind”. All humanbeings are his progeny.

Q 15: Who was the first Rasul (Messenger)?

A. The first Rasul who was sent down for the guidance of unbelievers and disbelievers was Hadrat Nuh [Noah] (peace be upon him). He preached for 950 years but disbelievers who were stone-hearted and obstinately insolent remained clung to thier disbelief. At last, Prophet Noah prayed to Allah Almighty and a dreaded deluge overtook them. All disbelievers on the earth were eliminated. A few believers and a pair of every animal which boarded Noah’s boat were safe.

Q 16: Which Prophet came in the last?

A. The Prophet who was sent in the last for the guidance of whole world is our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him). In him the institution of Prophethood attained its highest glory. He is the Last Prophet and no prophet will succeed him in whatsoever way.

Q 17: Are all Prophets equal in rank or superior to one another?

A. All Prophets have their respective ranks in the eyes of Allah. The highest of all is our kind master Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him). Therefore he is called ”Saie-yidul Anmbiyaa” (the leader, chief of all Prophets).

Q 18: Who is next to our Prophet in rank?

A. Hazrat lbraaheem Khaleel-ul Laah [Abraham] (peace be upon him) is next to Hazrat Muhammad (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him) in superiority. After him Hadrat Musa (Moses) Hadrat lsa (Jesus) and Hadrat Nuh (Noah) are superior to other Prophets. All these chosen servants of Allah are best of all human beings even of angels.

Predestination


“Wal-Qadre Khaierehee wa Sharrehee Minil Laahe Ta’aalaa”
(And I believed in that all good and bad destiny proceeds from Allah).

Q 1:   What is ”Taqdeer” (predestination)?

A. What Allah Almighty has written with His eternal knowledge about what will happen in the world and what His servants will do, is Taqdeer.

Q 2: Is humanbeing compelled to do what has been predestined for him?

A. No, it is not so. Allah Almighty has given us the power of action and endowed us with common sense and intellect to differentiate between the good and evil and between gain and loss. The man is not an inanimate object like stone. What the man had to do in the world Allah Almighty wrote all that with His eternal knowledge.

Q 3: What about those who refute ”Qadar” (predestination)?

A. Those who refute ”Qadar” have been termed as Zeroastrian (fire worshippers) of the Ummah of the Holy Prophet.

Person And Attributes of Allah


Q 1. Who is the Creator, Controller, Maintainer and Owner of the whole world?

A. He is One Allah. He alone is the Supreme Creator of everything irrespective of mankind (all creatures) and their actions. He alone controls the whole universe and causes the evolution and transformation of His creatures from one condition into other thereby to develop them to the perfection. He creates actions (to be done till the end of time) with His Wisdom and Command. He is the Owner of the earth and the sky. We are His mere servants. Our entity and everything belongs to Him. All these wonders and phenomena of the earth and the sky which defy human attainment and science are self-proofs of the fact that all these things have neither come into being by themselves nor can sustain unless created and sustained by the All-powerful Creator and Sustainer Who can be none but Allah alone, the Unique, the Subduer, the Lord of Majesty and Bounty.

Q 2. What does Allah mean?

A. Allah is the proper and personal name of God Who is Eternal, Self-existent and embodies all attributes of goodness, glory and perfection and is free from all blemishes.

Q 3. What does “Sifaat-e-Kamaaliah” mean?

A. Allah Almighty is Self-existent. His Person possesses all excellences, best attributes and perfection and is beyond all blames, shortcomings and weakness. Such great attributes, Allah Almighty is possessed of, are called “Sifaat-e-Kamaaliah”.

Q 4. How many “Sifaat-e- Kamaaliah” are there?

A. Allah Almighty is the perfect embodiment of innumerable attributes and excellences. Of which nine are the most prominent. However, the remaining attributes belong to these nine ones directly or indirectly:

(1). “Hayaat” (Self-Existence, Eternity),

(2). “Qudrat” (Omnipotence, All-powerfulness),

(3). “Iraadah-o-Mashi-yat”(the will to do what He wills),

(4). ‘Ilm (Omniscience, All-knowledge),

(5). “Samta”(All-hearing),

(6). “Basar”(All-seeing),

(7). “Kalaam” (Speech,Word),

(8). “Takveen-o-Takhleeq” (Creativeness) and

(9). “Razzaaqi-yat” (Provision of subsistence, food).

Q 5. What does “Hayaat” mean?

A. “Hayaat” means “Haiee” (Eternally living). He is not only Himself living but also infuses life into all things (creatures) and makes them survive and then annihilate them when He wills.

Q 6. What does the attribute “Qudrat” mean?

A. “Qudrat” means “Qadeer” (Omnipotent, All powerful). Allah Almighty is Omnipotent and is All-able to do what He wills. Nothing is out of His control and beyond His Power. He can create a (living) thing out of nothing and destroy a living into nothing. He may crown a beggar and dethrone a king throwing him in ignominy. He may evolve or create a particular effect in a thing when He wills and may strip a thing of its effect or replace with any other efficacy or potency.

Q 7. Does Allah also have the command of lie?

A. Allah Almighty is free from every sort of defect and imperfection like lie, fraud, dishonesty, tyranny, ignorance, shameful acts etc. He is beyond and high above all blemishes. To say or consider that Allah Almighty has also the power to lie is a big sin and is a denial of Allah’s perfection in every respect. No Muslim can think so about his Creator.

Q 8. What does “Iraadah-o-Mashi-yat” mean?

A. Allah Almighty is possessed of the attribute of “will and intention”. Nothing can happen unless He wills and intends. He creates and develops each and every thing with His intention and will. His no action or creation is unintentional. What has happened or is happening or will happen is all with His eternal will. Nothing is binding on Him nor anyone can question His authority. He is All-independent and Supreme Sovereign to do or to command what He wills.

Q 9. What does the attribute of ‘Ilm mean?

A. ‘Ilm means ‘Aleem (Omniscience, All-knowing). Allah Almighty embodies the attributes of “Omniscience”. His knowledge is eternal and infinite which encompasses each and every thing. He has the eternal knowledge of what has come to pass or will come to pass. Things change but there is no change in His eternal knowledge. Nothing is concealed from His vision even the tiniest particle of dust. He sees all hidden and open and visible and invisible things alike. Self-Omniscience is His trait.

Q10. What is meant by the attribute of “Sam’a-o-Basar”?

A. Allah Almighty is Samee’ (the All-hearing) and “Baseer” (the All-seeing) which means that “Sam’a” and “Basar” are His attributes. He hears sound even at the lowest pitch and sees the most thin and tiniest thing which can not be seen even by the microscope.

Q11. What does the attribute “Kalaam” mean?

A. The attribute “Kalaam” means Allah Almighty has the command of speech. He speaks to His Prophets when He wills without the aid of tongue as He hears and sees sans the ears and eyes since these things are limbs and parts of the body and Allah Almighty is Pure and free from such things. His “Kalaam” does not need sound or voice and is eternal like His other attributes. All the Divine books and the Holy Quran which we read and write are also eternal. Our reading (recitation), writing, hearing and committing the Holy Quran to memory is “Haadis”(created act) and what we have read (recited), written, heard and committed to memory is “Qadeem”(eternal).

Q12. What are these afore-mentioned seven attributes called?

A. “Hayaat” (Life, Self-existence), “Qudrat” (Omnipotence), “Sam’a” (the All-hearing), “Basar” (the All-seeing),’ Ilm ( Omniscience), “Iraadah”(the Will) and “Kalaam” (Speech, Word) are the Self-attributes of Allah.

Q13. What does “Takveen-o-Takhleeq” mean?

A. “Takveen-o-Takhleeq” means creation of all the worlds. Allah Almighty is the Supreme Creator Who has created all the universes and will create what He wills. Each and every thing is His creature like “Arb’a ‘ Anaasir” (the four elements – fire, water, air and the earth of which the world and men are composed) and even the tiniest particle of dust. He is neither incapable of nor He needs anyone’s help for creation. If He wills to create anything He simply says “Kun” (be) and that immediately comes into being. All men and their words and actions are His creation. The attributes of causing death, life, health, sickness, richness, poverty etc. which concern the mankind and other creatures are called extra,additional attributes or attributes of actions. These sub-attributes are subject to “Sifaat-e-Takveen”(the attributes of creativeness).

Q14. What is meant by “Sifat-e-Razzaaqi-yat”?

A. “Sifat-e-Razzaqi-yat” means Allah Almighty is “Razzaaq” (Provider of Subsistence,food). He provides subsistence to all His creatures irrespective of the smallest and the biggest one. He alone brings up His creatures, sustains the whole world and develops and evolves each and every thing to the full bloom. He is the Sovereign Lord and Cherisher of all the worlds and the Real Provider of Subsistence. The angels are a mere means of the Divine system to this effect.

Q15. What are “Sifaat-e-Sulbi-yah”?

A. “Sifaat-e-Sulbi-yah” are those from which Allah Almighty is Pure and free like: He is not ignorant, powerless, incapable, blind, deaf, dumb, tyrant, He has no figure, He is free from time and space, direction, movement, changes, eating, drinking and all human needs and activities. He is also Pure and high above any sort of assimilation, affiliation and alliance like ice which on being put into the water becomes water. He has no father, no son, no wife nor His ilk(s).

Q16. Is “Deedar” (sight) of Allah possible or not?

A. Allah’s “Deedar” (sight) in the mortal world is an exclusive privilege for His Beloved Prophet Hadrat Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah’s choicest blessings & peace be upon him) and in the next world every “Sunni Muslim” (true believer) will be graced with Allah’s Sight which is the greatest blessing in paradise. As for Allah’s Deedar (Sight) in dream and through the eyes of heart, the Prophets even saints have been honored with. Hadrat Imam-e-A’zam Abu Haneefah (may Allah be pleased with him) was blessed with Allah’s Sight a hundred times. May Allah Almighty also grace us with the greatest blessing – Aameen.

Q17. Does Allah Almighty need any cause or interest for His doings?

A. Each and every action of Allah Almighty carries numerous “Hikmah” (hidden causes,uses,blessings and favors) which are known only to Him. His doings need no cause or interest i.e. are not intended to be useful to Him. His created things are causes for one another. The eye sees, the ear hears, the fire burns and the water quenches thirst, but He can change function and effect of these things if He wills like the eye may begin to hear, the ear to see, the water to burn and fire to quench thirst and if He does not will no one even millions of people can not see mountain in the broad day-light and a raging fire can not burn a straw. How dreadful fire was that in which Prophet Abraham(peace be upon him) was thrown by infidels but it was turned into a heavenly garden for him. Allah Almighty said (addressing to the fire): O’ fire! be you cool and safety for Abraham.

Significance of Salaat


Q : What is Salat (prayer)?

A. A specified and pure lslamic way of worship which Allah Almighty taught to the Holy Prophet who in turn taught to his Ummah (community) is Salat (prayer). By offering prayer Muslims prove their humblest obedience and obeisance to Allah Almighty and submit to His Highest Magnificence and Grandeur. The praying believer is dear to Allah provided he offers prayer heart and soul.

Q : What things are essential for prayer?

A. Somethings are ”Sharaait” (conditions) for offering prayer and some are ”Faraaid” (obligatory prerequisites) during performance of prayer. Prayer will not be valid unless these conditions and prerequisites are met.

Q : How many kinds of ”conditional things” are there for prayer?

A. There are two kinds of conditional things for prayer ice. (1). About prayer’s becoming Waajib (essential) for one to offer (2) Soundness of prayer i-e how will the prayer be valid.

Q : What are the conditions of prayer’s being ”Waajib”?

A. There are four conditions for prayer’s being ”Waajib” i e. one must be Muslim, sane, mature and the time of prayer has arrived. Thus the prayer is equally incumbent upon every sane and matured Muslim irrespective of man and woman poor and rich, ruler and ruled and master and slave.

Q : What are the conditions for soundness of prayer  how will the prayer be valid?

A. There are six conditions for prayer to be valid or in order:
i)    ”Tahaarah” (Purification of the body).
ii)    Covering of the body (at least) from the navel to the knees.
iii)    Facing the Qiblah (Ka’bah).
iv)    Observance of due time.
v)    Expression of ”Ni-yat” (intention).
vi)    Takbir-e-Tahreema (utterance of words – ”Allah is the Most great) to commence the prayer.

Al Fayda of Islam ~Allah-umma Salli 'ala Sayyidina Mohammadin al-Fati'hi limaa ughliqa, wal khatimi limaa sabaqa, Naasiri-l-'Haqqi bil-'Haqqi wal Hadi ilaa Siratiqa-l-Mustaqim, wa 'ala aalihi 'haqqa Qadrihi wa Miqdaarihi-l-'Adhim.

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