Acts


1.2) Human Acts of Those Morally Responsible – af’âl al-mukallifîn
(according to the Shâfi’i school where there is no distinction between fard and wâjib except concerning the pilgrimage)

 

English Arabic How has Allah, the Lawgiver defined the act: someone who performs it: someone who refrains from it:
the
obligatory act
fard that which the Lawgiver strictly requires be done he is rewarded, if it is performed out of obedience to Allah a person who refrains from it without excuse deserves to be punished
the
sunna / recommended act
sunna
or
mandûb
that which the Lawgiver asks be done, but does not strictly require he is rewarded, if it is performed out of obedience to Allah someone who refrains from it is not punished
the
permissible act
mubâh that which the Lawgiver has neither requested nor prohibited the person who does it is not rewarded nor is he punishedthough if a person does it to enable him to perform an act of obedience to Allah, then he is rewarded for it the person who refrains from it is not rewarded or punishedthough if a person does such an act to enable him to perform an act of disobedience – he is sinning
the
offensive act
makrûh that which the Lawgiver has interdicted but not strictly forbidden the person who commits it does not deserve to be punished the person who refrains from such an act out of obedience to Allah is rewarded
the
unlawful act
harâm that which the Lawgiver strictly forbids someone who commits an unlawful act deserves punishment someone who refrains from it out of obedience to the command of Allah is rewarded

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Al Fayda of Islam ~Allah-umma Salli 'ala Sayyidina Mohammadin al-Fati'hi limaa ughliqa, wal khatimi limaa sabaqa, Naasiri-l-'Haqqi bil-'Haqqi wal Hadi ilaa Siratiqa-l-Mustaqim, wa 'ala aalihi 'haqqa Qadrihi wa Miqdaarihi-l-'Adhim.

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